Home / Euglenophyceae

Home button


Hover and click on images

The euglenoids (or euglenids) include a diversity of nutrition types from fully autotrophic to auxotrophic (requiring specific metabolites), to colorless - either osmotrophic (absorbing organic energy sources), or fully heterotrophic (phagotrophic - taking in particles through their cytoplasmic membrane).

Reproduction is apparently asexual throughout the class, as there are no published observations of reduction division (meiosis) or fusion of nuclei..

The periplast, composed of proteinaceous strips, is unique to the group:

Diagram of periplast indicating arrangement of protein strips (gray and green), microtubules (red) and endoplasmic reticulum (light brown).  Modified by Tree of Life from Leander et al. (2007) and posted online.

The strips of protein can be separated by applying pressure (Leedale 1967):

Two of the strips bear ‘warts’ (thickenings on wall easily seen in intact cells).  Dark bodies are chloroplasts.



Leander, B.S., H.J. Esson and S.A. Greglia  2007.  Macroevolution of complex cytoskeletal systems in euglenids.  BioEssays 29:987-1000.

Leedale, G.F. 1967. Euglenoid flagellates. Prentice-Hall Biological Science Series. (242 pp).